Midas Cichlid – Amphilophus Citrinellus

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Midas cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus


The Midas Cichlid originates in central America, it is native to Costa Rica and Nicaragua.


Up to 35cm in length.

Aquarium Size:

400l/105 US gal should be the minimum for a single specimen. Larger aquariums are required for pairs or to keep them with other fish.

Preferred water conditions:

  • Temp: 21 – 26°C
  • pH: 6.5 – 8
  • Hardness: Moderately soft to Hard.


The Midas Cichlid is very unfussy and will attempt to eat anything that looks edible to it.

A varied diet should keep them in top condition. A good quality sinking pellet is ideal as the staple of their diet. This can be supplemented with regular meaty treats such as bloodworm, earthworm, prawns etc. Its diet should also contain plant/vegetable-based foods, including algae, peas, spinach etc.

Mamalian proteins such as Beefheart should be avoided as they can cause digestion and internal organ issues.


The Midas Cichlid is a large, territorial fish. In order to keep it with other fish, including other Midas, experience and a very large aquarium are often required.

Midas are best kept alone, unless you have an aquarium of upwards of 1000l. Though some specimens have been successfully kept in smaller aquariums, it is not recommended.



Males develop a larger nuchal hump and extended dorsal and anal fins. They also appear ‘stockier’ than females.


Breeding Midas Cichlids is fairly straight forward once you have an established pair but a very large aquarium is required. Any other fish in the aquarium should be removed, even if the fish have happily cohabited previously.

Pairing is best done with juvenile specimens being grown together. Pairing adults is difficult and often results in the female being attacked.

During courtship, a divider is a good item to have to hand in case the male becomes too aggressive.

A flay area such as a pot or smooth rock will usually be selected as a spawning site where the female will lay her eggs.

Eggs will hatch after around 3 days and the fry should be free-swimming up to 7 days later.

Parental care is excellent in Midas and it is best to leave the fry in the aquarium. Removing the fry can cause the male to attempt to spawn again. If the female isn’t ready yet she may be killed by the angry male.

A divider is still handy at this point in case the male’s aggression does increase, towards either the female or the fry.


The Midas Cichlid is an extremely beautiful Cichlid that grows to a rather large size. These large, territorial Cichlids are particularly aggressive and we would only recommend them to the more experienced Cichlid keeper.


For more fishy profiles, check out the rest of our Knowedge Base.

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